Literacy includes reading, writing, and the creative and analytical acts involved in producing and comprehending texts. Reading and writing are important to ensure success in school, on the job, and in society. Today’s expectations, however, encompass more than the ability to read, write, speak, and listen. These expectations include use of oral and written language to make sense of the world and to communicate, problem solve, and participate in decision-making. The foundation for these literacy skills is language and an understanding of how language works.
Pre-reading skills like phonics and phonemic awareness are taught through the Department of Education and Skills primary national strategy called ‘Letters and Sounds.’